Short-and-Long Term Impacts of Crime, science assignment help

Application: Short-and-Long Term Impacts of Crime

Scientists have attempted to determine how a victim’s background and characteristics impact the effects of victimization. A recent study of the psychological impact of robbery looked closely at how victim characteristics, including demographic factors, are related to trauma, or Acute Stress Disorder (ASD). The study looked at several criteria of ASD, including anxiety, depression, feelings of insecurity, and other psychological reactions. This study noted that previous research had found inconclusive results regarding the correlation between age and adverse psychological symptoms. Findings of gender differences also were inconsistent, although some research found females more vulnerable to adverse symptoms (Elklit, 2002).

Elklit’s study of robbery victims found a correlation between age and the degree of trauma following the robbery: the older the individual, the greater the likelihood of trauma. Similarly, there were gender differences; women showed more intrusive symptoms. Elklit also found that level of education was related to outcomes; the higher the level of education, the lower the occurrence of psychological symptoms. This finding corroborated the findings in previous studies cited in the literature review (Elklit, 2002).  

For this Assignment, review the two clips in this week’s Interactive Community. Consider the short- and long-term effects of the crime on each of the victims. Think about how these effects may vary according to age, race, gender, education, and occupation.

The Assignment (2–3 pages):

  • Visit the “TRANSCRIPT” below
  • Explain three effects that each victim may experience (one psychological, one social, and one emotional).
  • Explain to what extent each effect might be short-term or long-term.
  • Explain how the demographics of each victim might influence the short- and long-term effects.


  • Davis, R. C., Lurigio, A. J., & Herman, S. (Eds.). (2013). Victims of crime (4th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
    • Chapter 4, “Developmental Victimology: The Comprehensive Study of Childhood Victimizations”
    • Chapter 18, “The Mental Health and Behavioral Consequences of Terrorism”
  • Kunst, M., Bogaerts, S., Wilthagen, T., & Winkel, F. (2010). Income attainment among victims of violence: Results from a preliminary study. Social Indicators Research, 95(1), 169–180.
    • Winkel, F. W., Blaauw, E., Sheridan, L., & Baldry, A. C. (2003). Repeat criminal victimization and vulnerability for coping failure: A prospective examination of a potential risk factor. Psychology, Crime, and Law, 9(1), 87–95.

    • Media


      “Effects of Victimization” Multimedia Program Transcript


      Look out! There’s a reckless driver in City Center, and he has already caused two hit-and-run accidents just this morning!  Channel 4 News reporter Jill Joseph is on the case, and she just interviewed each hit-and-run victim. Watch the interview footage and see how the same crime is having two very different effects on the people who are involved. 

      Ron’s Case  REPORTER (OFF CAMERA): “Can you tell us what happened?” 

      RON: “Sure. I was on my way to meet a client and BOOM!  This pickup truck just came out of nowhere, blew right through a red light and almost hit me dead on. I just happened to swerve out of his way at the last second.  He still hits me, and smashes up my entire driver’s side, my airbags go off, I can’t even see what’s happening.  It was pretty scary.  I wound up hitting the curb, and I guess he just kept on going on like nothing happened.” 

      REPORTER (OC): “Do you feel like the police were responsive to this incident?” 

      RON: “Oh yeah, the police were there pretty much right after it happened.  They don’t like the idea of some crazy hit-and-run, especially in the middle of the day when there could be kids around.  I know they do have speed cameras at some of these intersections, so maybe they can check those photos and find out that guy’s license plate.  Because if they can, then maybe his insurance would have to pay for all this instead of mine.  I mean, I don’t see why my company should have to pay a higher premium next year just because some idiot hit me, you know?” 

      REPORTER (OC): “What did your insurance company tell you when you told them you’d been in a hit-and-run?” 

      RON: “They were great. They told me not to worry about it.  I’m insured through my job, so they pay full coverage, full collision, full everything.  No deductible.  Although, really, the guy who hit me should be paying for all this, right? But who knows where he is? Probably out there, smashing into someone else.” 

      REPORTER (OC): “So what happens to your car now?” 

      RON: “Beats me. Either it’s totaled or it’s not. My company has a contract that guarantees me a new car every two years anyway, but it looks like maybe I might be getting my next car a little ahead of schedule. Though, right now, I’m just waiting on my rental. My insurance covers that, too.  Full rental coverage, every day, until I get my old car back – or ‘til I get a new one.  Plus, I’m a preferred member, so they’ll actually bring the car out to me here. Hope whoever’s driving it right now is extra careful out there.” 

      Lisa’s Case  REPORTER (OFF CAMERA): “Can you tell us what happened?” 

      LISA: “I was leaving the daycare center, where I drop my kids off in the morning before I go to work – I do housekeeping at one of the hotels downtown – and I guess this pickup truck just didn’t see me, because I pull out of the parking lot and he’s just speeding right through the turning lane and POW! He spins my whole car around and he just keeps right on going. I don’t know if he was scared or what, but he never stopped. I was scared too! Now my car won’t start, so I had to pay to have it towed here.” 

      REPORTER (OC): “Are the police involved at this point?” 

      LISA: “Not really. An officer did finally come out to the scene, but he said there really wasn’t anything he could do. He told me I could fill out a report, but he said so many cars get hit or stolen in that neighborhood, he said that finding this guy would be like trying to find a needle in a haystack. So, I guess I’m on my own.” 

      REPORTER (OC): “What did your insurance company tell you when you told them you’d been in a hit-and-run?” 

      LISA: “Oh, my insurance won’t pay for something like this. I can’t afford a fancy policy, so this is all coming out of my pocket… and I have no idea where I’m going to find this kind of money. I’m already in trouble at work as it is because of this. I called my boss and told him what happened, and he told me I could use a sick day today to get my car sorted out.  But then he called me back and said he checked my paperwork, and I only have a half day of sick day left for the year.  So if I don’t get to work right after lunch, I’ll lose a whole day’s pay.  But I have to take at least two buses to get back downtown from here, so I don’t know what I’m gonna do.” 

      REPORTER (OC): “So what happens to your car now?” 

      LISA: “You really want to know?  I kind of hope they can’t fix it.  Because if they tell me they could fix it, I’ll have to pay almost all of it myself.  But if they tell me it’s totaled, then my insurance will pay me for whatever my car’s worth right now.  And it won’t be much, but at least I could use that money to buy another used car.  Otherwise, I’m going to have to pay to fix a car that probably isn’t even worth repairing, all because some guy decided to hit me and just keep going.” 

    • Two or three pages with at least three references….

    • It is important that you cover all the topics identified in the assignment. Covering the topic does not mean mentioning the topic BUT presenting an explanation from the readings.

    • To get maximum points you need to follow the requirements listed for this assignments 1) look at the page limits 2) review and follow APA rules 3) create SUBHEADINGS to identify the key sections you are presenting and 4) Free from typographical and sentence construction errors.



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