Please create a 250 word respose to 2 sperate discussion posts. That means each post must have it’s own response with multiple citations and individual thoughts on the subjects.
- In addition, you may also respond as follows:
- Ask a probing question.
- Expand on the colleague’s posting with additional insight and resources.
- Offer polite disagreement or critique, supported with evidence.
- Offer and support an opinion.
- Validate an idea with your own experience.
- Make a suggestion or comment that guides or facilitates the discussion.
provide helpful questions and advice to each student in the discussion thread to give you hints on how to improve for the next discussion.
Remember that your discussion posts are to be between 250-350 words.** See the discussion guidelines posted under each Week tab.
APA format is Required! The only way for me to determine that you have read and understood these materials is for you to provide both in text and end citations/references in your posts.
The social ecology of health model organizes determinants of health into five hierarchical levels of influence, which are intrapersonal, interpersonal, organizational, community, and society (Coreil, 2010). Each level of the hierarchy can be broken down and closely related to other behavioral health theories and models. Some of these concepts include The Health Belief Model, Theory of Planned Behavior, and Social Cognitive Theory. The associated models and theories provide illustrations and explanations on how one thinks and is influenced by their surrounding.
One model that stood out to me is The Health Belief Model. This psychological model attempts to explain and predict health behaviors (Health Communication | Health Belief Model, n.d.). There are four different factors included in this model which provides a framework for a predicted behavior. These factors are perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefit, and perceived barriers (Coreil, 2010). Perceived susceptibility is one’s opinion on personal chances of getting a disease or condition. Often, people do not consider themselves at risk for a certain illness. Perceived severity is one’s opinion on the conditions consequences and seriousness. Having a low perceived severity can increase the risk of the condition. Perceived benefit is the way one thinks about the action that could be taken against the condition. For example, believing that a specific medication is useless will decrease the chances of that individual taking the medicine. Finally, perceived barriers are roadblocks that will be met if a specific action is taken place. Each factor can correspond with many different conditions and disease, especially with alcohol abuse among teenagers.
In 2016, about 7.3 million Americans between ages of 12 and 20 reported consuming alcohol (Underage Drinking Statistics, n.d.). The way teenagers perceive alcohol depends on their educational exposure to the topic and their surrounding influences. The Health Belief Model can be used to show the results of how a teenager may perceive alcohol and the consequences of abusing the drug. For example, a teenager may believe that he or she is at low risk for alcoholism if they only begin drinking occasionally and that they would never let it get out of hand (susceptibility). They may also know someone who has fallen into alcohol abuse and view the condition as something that is not a serious if they consider it a disease at all (severity). Belief that the benefits of drinking far outweigh the consequences of it will influence a teenager’s decision as well. Partying and “letting lose” is a large focus for teenagers in today’s world (benefit). In the final factor of The Health Belief Model, barrier plays a large role. A seventeen year old does not want to give up their partying habits for many reasons including a possible loss is popularity in their eyes (barriers). These four factors of the model influence the way teenagers treat alcohol. If the education of alcoholism was taken more serious, there would be a large decrease in the effects of underage drinking.
The Health Belief Model relates to the social ecology of health model level of intrapersonal. The intrapersonal level of the hierarchy includes behavior, biological and psychological factors. All three of these factors are represented through the different concepts of The Health Belief Model. The intrapersonal level emphasizes the mental building blocks of how people view health related behavior (Coreil, 2010). These related models focus on the psychological aspect of health and different ways in which an individual may perceive his or her health status.
Coreil, J. (Ed.). (2010). Social and behavioral foundations of public health (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA:Sage
Health Communication | Health Belief Model. (n.d.). Retrieved January 15, 2018, from https://www.utwente.nl/en/bms/communication-theori…
Underage Drinking Statistics. (n.d.). Retrieved January 15, 2018, from https://www.responsibility.org/get-the-facts/resea…
My chosen theory is The Health Belief Model. This theory states that a person’s health is determined by four factors. Coreil (2010) lists these theories as “(1) whether people consider themselves to be susceptible to the condition (2) whether the condition is perceived as having serious personal consequences (3) whether a specific action is expected to reduce the risk of getting the condition and (4) whether the perceived benefits of the action outweigh the subjective costs or barriers of taking action” (p. 77). My assigned Healthy People focus area is oral health. Self-care is key to great oral health. HealthyPeople 2020 (2018) states “Oral health is essential to overall health. Good oral health improves a person’s ability to speak, smile, smell, taste, touch, chew, swallow, and make facial expressions to show feelings and emotions” (para. 3). If a person does not consider themselves to be susceptible to oral disease they will be less likely to participate in self-care.
The interpersonal level of the social ecology of health model correlates strongly to my chose theory. Coreil (2010) states “examples of factors influencing health at the interpersonal level include biological and physiological factors such as genetics, cognition and personality. At the interpersonal level, we identify home, family, and peer group influences” (p. 14). Genetics can cause people to be more predisposed to oral health problems such as tooth decay and oral cancer. Subsequently personality can cause a person to partake in risky behaviors such as using tobacco, drinking and eating a poor diet. Family can cause a person to fear going to the dentist and/or getting dental procedures done. In addition, family can also influence a person to partake in behaviors that result in poor oral health.
Coreil, J. (Ed.). (2010). Social and behavioral foundations of public health (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
HealthyPeople 2020. (2018). Oral Health. Retrieved from https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topics-objectives/topic/oral-health